In the p-block, all the three sorts of elements are available, i.e. The axial bonds(219pm) are larger than equatorial bonds(204pm). Copper (II) (non-halide) impart Green color, Copper (II) (halide) impart Blue- green color, Phosphorus impart Pale bluish green color, Antimony and Tellurium impart Pale green color, Fig. This restricts nitrogen to expand its coordination number beyond four. Moving down the group, the oxidation state two less than the highest group oxidation state becomes more stable in groups 13 to 16 due to inert pair effect (i.e. (i) Bond dissociation energy usually decreases on moving down a group as the atomic size increases. The reducing character of the hydrides of Group 15 elements increases from NH3  to BiH3(Bismuthine) because the reducing character depends upon the stability of the hydride.The greater the unstability of anhydride,the greater is the its reducing character.Since,the BiH3 is the least stable (because the size of central atom is greatest & therefore its tendency to form stable covalent bond with small hydrogen atom decreases,as a result the bond strength decreases) in this series,hence the reducing character increases. Sol. Due to its smaller size, it can effectively form pπ-pπ bonds and form O2(O==O) molecule. c) The propensity to be diminished to the - 2 oxidation state diminishes essentially as we move down. For e.g. It is used for oxidizing most metals. It is most extreme for a noble gas since noble gasses have totally filled configuration. the Metals, Non-Metals, and Metalloids.The crisscross line in the p-block isolates every one of the elements that are metals from those that are non-metals. Lattice energy is directly proportional to the charge carried by an ion. group IIIA) to group 17 (i.e. SO2 is a colourless and pungent smelling gas. Therefore, they have a high tendency to gain an electron. This is done as He is sparingly less soluble in blood. This at last increases the nuclear and the ionic radius of each next element down the group, which at last demonstrates that the nuclear and the ionic radii increment down the group. Chief Financial Officer (CFO) Requirements and Duties, How to Become an Anesthesiologist: Education and Career Roadmap, Associate of Cyber Security Degree Overview, Associate of Business Marketing and Sales Degree Overview, Internet Marketing Degree Programs with Course Information, Graduate Certificate Programs in Business Analytics, Medical Office Administration Career Education in Atlanta, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Explore the structure of hydrogen peroxide, Recall the structure and properties of the ozone, Explain the dangers of the thinning of the ozone layer, Chemistry of Transition & Inner-Transition Elements. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Ionization Energies: 1 st <<< 2 nd < 3 rd. Email, Please Enter the valid mobile Since a p-subshell has three degenerate p-orbitals each of which can accommodate two electrons therefore in all there are six groups of p-block elements. This property is not exhibited by atoms such as phosphorus. The highest oxidation of a p block element is equal to the group number minus 10. The products of oxidation depend on the concentration of the acid, temperature, and also on the material undergoing oxidation. Noble gases do not form molecules. Chemically, non-metals tend to have relatively high energy from ionization, contact with electrons, and electronegativity. Why is N2 less reactive at room temperature?

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