Demographic statistics from the CIA World Factbook, Y-chromosome haplogroup frequencies found in Cuba (132 individuals) grouped according to their phylogeographic origin, "PERSONS OBTAINING LEGAL PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS BY REGION AND COUNTRY OF BIRTH: FISCAL YEARS 2003 TO 2012", "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics", "Report on the Census of Cuba, 1899 :: Census of Cuba 1899", "Report on the Census of Cuba, Census of Cuba 1899", Cuba: Exploring the History of Admixture and the Genetic Basis of Pigmentation Using Autosomal and Uniparental Markers, "Genetic origin, admixture, and asymmetry in maternal and paternal human lineages in Cuba", "Demographic history of Canary Islands male gene-pool: replacement of native lineages by European", Genetic origin, admixture, and asymmetry in maternal and paternal human lineages in Cuba, Catholic church in Cuba strives to reestablish the faith, "Population gowth by municipality and province", Population, birth rate falling in Cuba: Official, Coordination of United Revolutionary Organizations, Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces (MINFAR), Committees for the Defense of the Revolution, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Cuba&oldid=983084155, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2007, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 263.9 per squ. The country is nearly bankrupt, and the government continually says that they are making strides towards pro-market reforms yet their actions say otherwise as nothing has been implemented. Spanish is the official language of Cuba. One of these Afro-Cuban religions is Santeria. Infant mortality declined from 32 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 1957, to 10 in 1990–95, 6.1 in 2000–2005 and 5.13 in 2009. [11] There are 139,851 Spanish citizens living in Cuba on January 1, 2018. Since the Cuban Revolution, there have been several waves of exiles from the island. "Total population of Cuba from 2010 to 2019, by age group (in million inhabitants)." This gender breakdown has been relatively stable throughout the past 60 years. The median age of the population is 39.5, and the gender ratio of the total population is 0.99 males per female. ), 2 Santiago de Cuba, 433,581, Santiago de Cuba, 12 Ciego de Ávila, 120,446, Ciego de Ávila, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 04:20. Moreover, in Latin America, even when people self-identify, they often “whiten” themselves statistically. Demographics of Cuba 2019. Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population. As soon as this statistic is updated, you will immediately be notified via e-mail. The latest census count listed Cuba's racial breakdown as 64.1% white, 26.6% mulato (mixed-race), and 9.3% black. Corporate solution including all features. Cuba experienced population growth up until 2016, when the population peaked at 11.34 million people. A paid subscription is required for full access. Interesting Facts and Information About the U.S. Indigenous Population, What Was the Mariel Boatlift From Cuba? Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated. [20] Historically, the Ciboney and Classic dialects of Taino and the unattested Guanahatabey were spoken. Taux de change officiel : 26,5 CUP (Peso non-convertible) = 1 CUC (Peso convertible) = 1,00 USD = 0,90 € (en septembre 2019). Catholicism, which was brought to the island by Spanish colonialists at the beginning of the 16th century, is the most prevalent professed faith. 24% of people in Cuba are non-religious, 5% are Protestant, and the remaining 11% practice a different religion or some form of African spirituality. Cuba’s population decline is a result of young people leaving the country and low birth rates. - Keywords: demography, population pyramid, age pyramid, aging, retirement, Cuba, 2019. Total population of Cuba from 2010 to 2019, by age group (in million inhabitants) [Graph]. Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. Directly accessible data for 170 industries from 50 countries A physician fills in notes beside a smiling patient, following a successful delivery at a maternity hospital in Havana, Cuba. Between 1820 and 1898, a total of 508,455 people left Spain, and more than 750,000 Spanish immigrants left for Cuba between 1899 and 1930, with many returning to Spain. Rural Population from 1955 to 2020 Rural Population Urban Population 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 0 … Then you will be able to mark statistics as favourites and use personal statistics alerts. Although Roman Catholicism has the majority, with 60% of the population, the remaining 40% is relatively diverse. World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated. Overview and forecasts on trending topics, Key figures and rankings about brands and companies, Consumer insights and preferences in various industries, Detailed information about political and social topics, All key figures about regions and countries, Everything you need to know about Consumer Goods, Identify market potentials of the digital future, Technology Market Outlook Cuba is in the fourth stage of demographic transition. For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period. Nonetheless, there has been widening income inequality since the Special Period, when Cuba opened up to foreign tourism and investment. A 2019 independent study on growing income inequality in Cuba states, "While almost three-quarters of respondents report an annual income of less than CUC 3,000, 12% receive between CUC 3,000 and 5,000, and 14% report incomes higher than CUC 5,000 and up to CUC 100,000 annually." Over three-quarters of Cuba's population live in urban areas, but this is spread out through many smaller cities as opposed to a couple of really large ones. Please contact us to get started with full access to dossiers, forecasts, studies and international data. As a Premium user you get access to background information and details about the release of this statistic. This diversity derives from West and Central Africans who were transported to Cuba, and in effect reinvented their African religions. Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated. The most recent figures, taken from the Cuban government's published population data in 2018, show a negative growth rate of -1%. Since the 2019 Constitution, the President of Cuba is limited to two five-year terms. Between 1842 and 1873, 221,000 African slaves entered Cuba.[11]. 300,000 Cubans belong to the island's 54 Protestant denominations. Other religions like Hinduism, Judaism, and Buddhism are in extreme minority. In, World Bank. The second largest Cuban city is the important port town of Santiago de Cuba with a population approaching half a million. Update, Insights into the world's most important technology markets, Advertising & Media Outlook The Cuba Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Cuba delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division. An autosomal study in 2014, however, found Cuba's genetic ancestry is 72% European, 20% African and 8% Native American. These figures may not be representative of the population for a number of reasons. Havana receives more than 1.2 million international tourists every year. A minority of Cubans (primarily in Havana) have been able to capitalize on the hard currency (referred to in Cuba as "CUC," roughly pegged to the U.S. dollar, minus a percentage taken by the state) that tourism has brought in since the 1990s. Published by Marina Pasquali, Sep 15, 2020 Nearly eight million inhabitants in Cuba were aged between 15 and 64 as of 2019. As of 1 January 2020, the population of Cuba was estimated to be 11,466,540 people. Then you can access your favorite statistics via the star in the header. World Bank. This statistic is not included in your account. Over two million people, or 19% of the island's population, reside in the La Habana province, which includes the capital and neighboring municipalities. L’interdiction des croisières à destination de Cuba depuis les États-Unis décidée en juin 2019 par Washington est un véritable coup dur pour le secteur touristique (- 10 % prévu en 2019 par rapport à 2018). Haplogroup A2 is the main Native American haplogroup in Cuba (21.9% of the total sample), accounting for 67% of the Native American mtDNA gene pool. Total population of Cuba from 2010 to 2019, by age group (in million inhabitants) [Graph]. This ranks Cuba 59th in the world and 5th in the Americas, behind Canada, Chile, Costa Rica and the United States. Pentecostalism has grown rapidly in recent years, and the Assemblies of God alone claims a membership of over 100,000 people. The latest census count listed Cuba's racial breakdown as 64.1% white, 26.6% mulato (mixed-race), and … Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). In other words, Cuba should be (and is viewed by most people as) a demographically blacker nation now. From 2019 to 2020, Cuba’s population did not experience any growth. Cuba's population is very multiethnic and intermarriage between many groups is widespread. The gender makeup of Cuba is roughly even, with 5.58 million men and 5.63 million women in 2018. Cuba scholar Lisandro Pérez notes, for example, that although race data was collected in the 1981 census, the results were never released: “It was argued that the race item was not tabulated because it was decided after the census was taken that questions of race are not relevant in a socialist society.” In fact, Fidel Castro famously announced in the early 1960s that the socialist redistribution of wealth had solved racism, essentially shutting down any debate on the issue. Cuba - 2019. The ideal entry-level account for individual users. There has been a clear slowing down of the population increases within Cuba and it's believed that Cuba will soon begin posting negative growth. Cuba's population is the oldest in the Americas, with over 20% of the population over the age of 60. All data and charts based on UN research. Since the Fourth Cuban Communist Party Congress in 1991, restrictions have been eased and, according to the National Catholic Observer, direct challenges by state institutions to the right to religion have all but disappeared,[21] though the church still faces restrictions of written and electronic communication, and can only accept donations from state-approved funding sources. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The year 1980 had the largest out-migration, when over 140,000 Cubans left the island, most during the Mariel exodus. Another major issue in Cuba is emigration, primarily to the U.S. Legislative authority rests with the National Assembly. The Population of Cuba (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019. This is resulting in an aging population, one that is projected to be the world’s ninth-oldest population by 2050. From those numbers, it was shown that 19.1% of the population were aged between 0 and 14. Since 1740, Cuba's birth rate has surpassed its death rate; the natural growth rate of the country is positive. (August 18, 2020). In the meantime, state wages have remained stagnant for decades.

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