There is a bracelet on his left wrist, as well as an armlet at the upper left arm. The visitors are gathering around the Stela of Iddin-Sin, king of Simurrum. Thanks to the great work and excavations conducted by archaeologists from many parts of the world, in addition to Iraqis, artifacts from the Assyrian city of Nimrud are now displayed to the public in many museums and private collections all around the globe. The in situ artifacts of Nimrud were composed of palace wall reliefs, mainly from the northwest palace of Ashurnasirpal II,and few lamassu, which are mythical human-headed and winged bulls or lions. This fragment is similar to the previous one; it contains only the “standard inscription” of Ashurnasirpal II. Note the musculature of the forearm. The fragment from the wall relief, which came from the northwest palace sits on right lower angle of this wooden platform. In Assyrian reliefs, the longer the beard, the higher the status. Their armies pushed invaders beyond their territories, bringing them into other potentially hostile states. The Assyrian kings had their activities recorded in detail on numerous stones that were attached to the walls in the palace chambers. © Trustees of the British Museum. The aftermath of the surrender by the town of Lachish to the Assyrian army. The Sulaymaniyah Museum, Iraqi Kurdistan. It shows children.I think it looks like refuges. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. The museum has no intention to conserve, display, and study the other seven reliefs. A fragment of a wall relief from the northwest palace of Ashurnasirpal II at Nimrud. Assyrians were one of the most warlike people in history, lovers of the violence of the war and hunt. “There was no archaeology college in Sulaymaniyah at that time, and no one was there or ready to undertake the necessary research. These bas-relief panels that show the Assyrian King Sennacherib’s capture of the Judean fortress of Lachish come from the king’s so-called Palace Without Rival at his capital city of Nineveh (currently in northeastern Iraq). This is part of a ceremonial religious rite. At his coronation the king swore to extend the land of the national god Ashur, who demanded stability and order. Archers, stone slingers and spearmen lay siege to the town of Lachish. © Trustees of the British Museum, Scene 6. From Nimrud, Northern Mesopotamia, modern-day Iraq. The Lachish relief depicts the Assyrian army laying siege in 701 BC to the town of Lachish, about 40 kilometres from Jerusalem. The Sulaymaniyah Museum, Iraqi Kurdistan. Pictures, images & photos of ancient Assyrian relief sculptures. The Sulaymaniyah Museum is on the list of museums, which houses wall reliefs from the northwest palace at Nimrud. Read more. The intention of the imagery was to present a believable and realistic view of their world. Mr. Muaid, however, was very cooperative and ordered them to give the reliefs to me. After capturing Lachish the Assyrians carry symbols of victory to the king. The Assyrian kingdom had no natural boundaries and the fertile lands around the river Tigris attracted both mobile pastoralists and neighbouring powers. Hashim said Mutasim was the person who expanded the museum’s content, and he was quite sure that Mutasim had more information about these reliefs. I took permission from Mr. Muaid Saeed Al-Damirchy, former General Director of the Directorate of Antiquities of Iraq, to acquire and transfer ancient artifacts from the Iraqi Museum in Baghdad and Mosul Museum in Mosul Governorate to the Sulaymaniyah Museum. Northern Mesopotamia, modern-day Iraq. He wears a fringed robe. Why put war on the palace walls? Sennacherib is shown as an invincible king presiding over a perfect victory. At the right upper angle, part of the “sacred tree” appears. They were never displayed, never published, never restored, and obviously neglected, for reasons that I still don’t understand. What has survived is part of the torso of an Apkallu. It is unknown whether this fragment came from the northwest palace or from another palace within Nimrud, or from another Assyrian palace in Nineveh or Dur-Sharrukin. So the imagery of battles and sieges that the line the palace walls should be understood not only as statements of power but as statements of a religious responsibility which was achieved with divine support. Finally, I gave up and surrendered. Afterwards, Mr. Hashim suggested that I should speak to Mr. Mutasim Rasheed Abdulrahman (Arabic; معتصم رشيد عبد الرحمن), former acting director of the museum during the 1980s. Explore museums and play with Art Transfer, Pocket Galleries, Art Selfie, and more. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. © Trustees of the British Museum, Scene 3. After three or four years, the Iraqi army invaded Kuwait, economic sanctions affected the entire country, the Gulf War began, the Kurdish uprisings ensued, and the Federal Kurdish Government of Iraqi Kurdistan was established… all of this created a turbulent environment. The Assyrians were no more brutal and war-like than other people. Currently, he is retired and lives happily in a rural house. © Trustees of the British Museum, Scene 4. Prisoners are brought to the Assyrian king to receive his justice. (This is a rough estimate as I did not measure them). Thi relief was not on display before then. Photo © Osama S. M. Amin. Two out of the eight reliefs showed the label of the Mosul Museum. The intention behind the caption is to give a sense of what the whole set of reliefs depicts, while the subsequent scenes are individually described. The fragments may be part of fragments that were left behind by one or more prior excavating team(s) for some reason or another. Nothing documents their acquisition and presence, which was a shock. Assyrian, 865-860 BCE. I’m very grateful to Mr. Hashim Hama Abdullah, Director of the Sulaymaniyah Museum for his continuous and unlimited help. All of the reliefs’ margins showed a similar cut, except the disputed one, which pointed towards the usage of an electric saw. Northern Mesopotamia, modern-day Iraq. The Assyrians created tablets that showed them torturing their enemies to let the next city know what was coming. B.C in Mesopotamia, present day Iraq The Assyrians became a power rich empire that showed its great conquests in exquisitely intricate relief sculptures on its palace walls. © Trustees of the British Museum, Scene 1. My story ends there. Replying to my question of why Mutasim choose these reliefs, he said: “The Sulaymaniyah Museum did not house any of the Assyrian wall reliefs, only two replicas, which were taken from Baghdad, maybe one or two decades before. Detail of a gypsum wall relief from the northwest at Nimrud. He conducted several excavations on many ancient sites across Iraq. The Mosul Museum later acquired these eight fragments and stored them. I asked Mr. Hashim Hama Abdullah, Director of the Sulaymaniyah Museum, about the history and journey of these reliefs in late 2014. All of these terms are used to describe the region. The museum was closed at that time because of the war, and its contents were very minor and small… most of which were replicas. © Trustees of the British Museum, Scene 5. Photo © Osama S. M. Amin. In addition, all of them did not show any sign or label of the Iraqi Museum (“IM”). The others were not labeled. During the Iraq-Iran War (1980-1988), the Sulaymaniyah Museum was officially closed to the public. There is a complete lack of documentation of the excavation and the artifact’s transfer history, which was shared unequally by the three museums. The right part of the upper margin was cut out in a way to preserve part of the “sacred tree”; therefore, that margin appears non-horizontal. (CC BY-SA 2.0) So how did the Assyrians deploy for a siege? Download (right click & “save target as”), Part of Old World, New Powers (1100 - 300 BC), Click a button to explore other objects in the timeline. He is not bare-footed; he wears sandals. The Assyrian kings had their activities recorded in detail on numerous stones that were attached to the walls in the palace chambers. I don’t know where exactly they came from, but perhaps Nimrud or Nineveh? Lachish was just one city that fell in a long series of wars that saw many people shifted from their homelands and put to work on such projects as building Sennacherib's palace. They wear long fringed robe, exquisitely carved. “During the mid-1980s, I was transferred from Baghdad to the Sulaymaniyah Museum. Osama graduated from Baghdad University, College of Medicine and was the valedictorian student in internal medicine. Exclusive photo; never-before-published. Assyrian, 865-860 BCE. He is a contributor/team member of "Medical MasterClass," the online educational arm of the Royal College of Physicians of London, UK. Photo © Osama S. M. Amin. Exclusive photo; never-before-published. The Sulaymaniyah Museum, Iraqi Kurdistan. Fragment of a wall relief from the northwest palace of Ashurnasirpal II at Nimrud. The relief was created for the walls of the great palace of the Assyrian king, Sennacherib, in Nineveh. According to 2 Kings 18:17-37 they would send a messenger to deliver the ultimatum, which was ‘surrender or die’. The depiction of diverse landscapes with entire backgrounds filled by details of vegetation and physical features represent the varied world controlled by Assyria. From Nimrud, Northern Mesopotamia, modern-day Iraq. It reads in Arabic language: “م م ق 46”; this is translated as “Mosul Museum 46.” The other label below it is worn out. Because of his political views, he was harassed and ignored by subsequent governments. The “standard inscription” of Ashurnasirpal II runs horizontally on the lower part. In the event that you consider anything on this page to be in breach of the site’s House Rules please Flag This Object. A portion of a fringed robe appears on the thigh (extreme left). Hashim phoned Mr. Mutasim and then arranged an interview for me. Stamped bricks from Ur, a door sill from Kurikalzu, stone blocks from the Sassanian Paikuli Tower, and an inscribed Assyrian pavement brick are also displayed on that paltform. The fragments are relatively small and do not convey any clear-cut and complete scene. From the northwest Palace at Nimrud (room and panel numbers are unknown). Photo © Osama S. M. Amin. In the midst of the current chaos incurred by the 2003 war and its aftermath, it is difficult to trace back much further than that. Exclusive photo; never-before-published. What has survived is the left hand of an apkallu (Akkadian word meaning “sage”). Most, if not all, of our readership knows about the intentional destruction of ancient artifacts, buildings, mosques, shrines, and the contents of Mosul museum contents by the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). Were the Assyrians war-like? Culture 24 - Listings, Resources, Reviews. Literally, I could choose anything. The Sulaymaniyah Museum, Iraqi Kurdistan. An Assyrian siege begins with a messenger. I retired in the mid-1990s. Such scenes demonstrated the consequences of rebelling against the Assyrian empire. This fragment does not depict any scene or figure.

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